COBOL Parsing Routine
Reference Modification
  Table of Contents  v-16.01.01 - cblrmp01.htm 
  Introduction
  Call Interface
  The CMD Member
  The JCL Member
  The COBOL Demonstration Program
  The COBOL Parsing Routine
  Copy File for the Pass Area
  Summary
  Software Agreement and Disclaimer
  Downloads and Links
  Current Server or Internet Access
  Internet Access Required
  Glossary of Terms
  Comment or Feedback
  Company Overview
The SimoTime Home Page 

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Introduction

This suite of programs will describe how to parse a data string using COBOL. The parsing routine uses reference modification to identify the position of the first significant character after a delimiter character. This approach compensates for multiple leading or embedded delimiter characters. For example, if the delimiter character is a space then leading spaces will be ignored (or removed) and multiple, embedded spaces will be treated as a single space and truncate or trim will be used to remove trailing spaces. A new field (or string) is created with the leading spaces removed and all multiple embedded spaces reduced to a single space. The length of the actual text within the output field is also provided.

String manipulation or parsing is quite often considered something that cannot be done using COBOL. Prior to the introduction of Reference Modification in the ANSI/85 standard for COBOL the scanning or parsing of a field at the character-by-character level was very difficult and troublesome. Throughout the years I have been asked to provide clients with mainframe assembler routines to do various functions. When I ask why they want an assembler routine the answer is usually, "I have been told this cannot be done in COBOL."

I have heard this statement many times and in a number of instances it is simply not true. An assembler routine would probably be smaller and run faster. However, if the task could be accomplished in a reasonable manner using COBOL then the cost, effort, frustration and ongoing support of an assembler routine in a COBOL programming shop may not be worth these advantages. This is especially true if assembler expertise is not readily available.

The COBOL language does have a STRING and UNSTRING function. The STRING statement provides for the concatenation of the partial or complete contents of two or more data items into a single data item. The UNSTRING statement causes contiguous data in a sending field to be separated and placed into multiple receiving fields. The STRING and UNSTRING capability works quite well for combining and separating keywords delimited by spaces (or some other delimiting character). For more complex scanning and parsing of a field at the character level it may be best to take an alternative approach similar to what is presented in this example.

This example provides a demonstration program and a callable program to parse a field or data string. Both COBOL programs were written and tested using the COBOL/2 dialect. Also, both COBOL programs will work with COBOL for MVS and COBOL/370. A JCL member is provided to run the job as an MVS (or OS/390) batch job on an IBM mainframe. Please refer to the Micro Focus Web Site for information about running this suite of programs on a Windows, Linux or UNIX System using Micro Focus Enterprise Server.

This technique could also be used to do character (or byte) access and manipulation. The DISPLAY function of COBOL is used by the demonstration program to display the results of the parsing routine.

In the world of programming there are many ways to solve a problem. This suite of programs is provided as a COBOL example of one of the possible solutions to the problem of parsing a data field.


We have made a significant effort to ensure the documents and software technologies are correct and accurate. We reserve the right to make changes without notice at any time. The function delivered in this version is based upon the enhancement requests from a specific group of users. The intent is to provide changes as the need arises and in a timeframe that is dependent upon the availability of resources.

Copyright © 1987-2017
SimoTime Technologies
All Rights Reserved

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Call Interface

The callable interface is as follows. The following data structure needs to be defined in Working Storage. A copy file (PASSPARS.cpy) is provided with this suite of sample programs.

       01  PRS-PARAMETERS.
           05  PRS-REQUEST          PIC X       VALUE '0'.
           05  PRS-STATUS           PIC 9(4).
      *    Provided by the calling program…
           05  PRS-DELIMITER        PIC X       VALUE SPACE.
           05  PRS-KEEP-NULL-FIELDS PIC X       VALUE 'N'.
           05  PRS-SUSPEND          PIC X       VALUE 'N'.
           05  PRS-SUSPEND-BYTE     PIC X       VALUE SPACE.
           05  PRS-TERMINATOR       PIC X       VALUE 'N'.
           05  PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE  PIC X       VALUE SPACE.
           05  PRS-BUFFER-SIZE      PIC 9(4)    VALUE 1024.
           05  PRS-BUFFER           PIC X(1024).
           05  PRS-TABLE-MAX        PIC 9(4)    VALUE 64.
      *    Updated by the parsing routine…
           05  PRS-NUMBER-OF-ITEMS  PIC 9(4)    VALUE 0.
           05  PRS-LAST-SIG-BYTE    PIC 9(4)    VALUE 0.
           05  PRS-OFFSET           OCCURS 64 TIMES
                                    PIC 9(4)    VALUE 0.
           05  PRS-LENGTH           OCCURS 64 TIMES
                                    PIC 9(4)    VALUE 0.

To call the parsing routine (SIMOPARS) the fields for the pass area need to be initialized. The following shows an example of initializing the pass area fields and making the call to the parsing routine.

      *    Prepare control items for parsing.
           MOVE '0' TO PRS-REQUEST
           MOVE ' ' TO PRS-DELIMITER
           MOVE 'N' TO PRS-TERMINATOR
           MOVE ' ' TO PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE
           ADD 32 TO ZERO GIVING PRS-TABLE-MAX
           ADD 128 TO ZERO GIVING PRS-BUFFER-SIZE
      *    Move the data string to the parsing buffer and call
      *    the parsing routine.
           MOVE TASK-01-DATA TO    PRS-BUFFER
           CALL 'SIMOPARS'   USING PRS-PARAMETERS

The following is a brief description of each of the fields used within the pass area (PRS-PARAMETERS).

Field Name Program - Description
PRS-REQUEST Type of request, must be zero (0) for parsing. This item is provided by the calling program and is not modified by the parsing routine.
PRS-STATUS This is an indicator as to the success or failure of the request. A value of zero (0000) indicates the routine was successful. A non-zero value indicates a failure.
PRS-DELIMITER This is a one byte character that is used as a delimiter. This item is provided by the calling program and is not modified by the parsing routine.
PRS-KEEP-NULL-FIELDS This must be a Yes (Y) or No (N) value
(Y) will indicate a Yes, keep null field
(N) will indicate a No and null fields will be dropped.
PRS-SUSPEND This must be a Yes (Y) or No (N) value to indicate that the suspend/resume function of checking for a delimiter is active.
PRS-SUSPEND-BYTE If the previous parameter is (Y) this byte will be used to suspend or resume the testing for a delimiter character.
PRS-TERMINATOR This must be a Yes (Y) or No (N) value to indicate a character that will be used for termination of the parsing. If (Y) then the next parameter (PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE) is used as a termination character. If (N) the buffer will be parsed according to the size (PRS-BUFFER-SIZE) of the buffer or maximum number of table entries (PRS-TABLE-MAX). This item is provided by the calling program and is not modified by the parsing routine.
PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE If the previous parameter (PRS-TERMINATOR) is (Y) this byte will be used to terminate the parsing when it is encountered in the data string. This item is provided by the calling program and is not modified by the parsing routine.
PRS-BUFFER-SIZE The size of the data string to be parsed and must be a value of 1-1024. This item is provided by the calling program and is not modified by the parsing routine.
PRS-BUFFER This is the data string or field that will be parsed. This item is provided by the calling program and is not modified by the parsing routine.
PRS-TABLE-MAX Maximum number of table entries available for the POSITION/SIZE values of the words in the input buffer. This item is provided by the calling program and is not modified by the parsing routine.
PRS-NUMBER-OF-ITEMS This is the number of keywords found in the input data string. This item is provided by the parsing routine.
PRS-LAST-SIG-BYTE This is the position of the last significant (or non space if spaces are the delimiter) byte in the field. This is also the length of the text string within the field.
PRS-POSITION This is a table of 64 elements of 4-bytes. The value is either zero (0) or the size of a keyword within the input data string. This item is provided by the parsing routine.
PRS-SIZE This is a table of 64 elements of 4-bytes. The value is either zero (0) or the position of a keyword within the input data string. The first position within the buffer is one (1). This item is provided by the parsing routine.
  Field Descriptions for PASSPARS.CPY (Pass Area for SIMOPARS)

 

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section The CMD Member

The following is the Windows Command file (CBLRMPE1.cmd) that is required to run as a job on a Windows System using Micro Focus Enterprise Server.

@echo OFF
rem  * *******************************************************************
rem  *               CBLRMPE1.cmd - a Windows Command File               *
rem  *         This program is provided by SimoTime Technologies         *
rem  *           (C) Copyright 1987-2017 All Rights Reserved             *
rem  *             Web Site URL:   http://www.simotime.com               *
rem  *                   e-mail:   helpdesk@simotime.com                 *
rem  * *******************************************************************
rem  *
rem  * Text    - COBOL doing text parsing with reference modification
rem  * Author  - SimoTime Technologies
rem  * Date    - November 11, 2003
rem  * Version - 06.07.16
rem  *
rem  * This set of programs illustrate the use a COBOL program to use
rem  * reference modification to parse a string of text by keyword.
rem  *
rem  * When running with Net Express the IBMCOMP an NOTRUNC directives
rem  * will be required to maintain compatability with the mainframe
rem  * format and field sizes for binary fields.
rem  *
rem  * This technique provides for the use of a single COBOL source
rem  * program that will run on OS/390, Windows or Unix.
rem  *
rem  * This set of programs will run on a Personal Computer with Windows
rem  * and Micro Focus Net Express.
rem  *
rem  *   ************
rem  *   * CBLRMPE1 *
rem  *   ********cmd*
rem  *        *
rem  *   ************     ************     ************
rem  *   *   call   ******* SIMONOTE ******* CONSOLE  *
rem  *   ********exe*     ********cmd*  *  ************
rem  *        *                         *
rem  *        *                         *  ************
rem  *        *                         ****  SYSLOG  *
rem  *        *                            *******data*
rem  *        *
rem  *        *
rem  *   ************     ************     ************
rem  *   *   run    ******* CBLRMPC1 ******* CONSOLE  *
rem  *   ************     ********cbl*     ************
rem  *        *                *
rem  *        *                *
rem  *        *           ************
rem  *        *           * SIMOPARS *
rem  *        *           ********cbl*
rem  *   ************
rem  *   *   EOJ    *
rem  *   ************
rem  *
rem  * ********************************************************************
rem  * Step   1 of 2  Set the global environment variables...
rem  *
     setlocal
     call ..\Env1BASE
     if "%SYSLOG%" == "" set syslog=c:\SimoLIBR\LOGS\SimoTime.LOG
     set CmdName=CblRmpE1
rem  *
     call SimoNOTE "*******************************************************%CmdName%"
     call SimoNOTE "Starting JobName %CmdName%"
rem  * ********************************************************************
rem  * Step   2 of 2  Execute the sample program...
rem  *
     run CblRmpC1
     if ERRORLEVEL = 0 goto :EojAOK
     set JobStatus=0010
     goto :EojNOK
:EojAOK
     call SimoNOTE "Finished JobName %CmdName%, Job Status is %JobStatus%"
     goto :End
:EojNOK
     call SimoNOTE "ABENDING JobName %CmdName%, Job Status is %JobStatus%"
     goto :End
:End
     call SimoNOTE "Conclude SysLog is %SYSLOG%"
     if not "%1" == "nopause" pause
     endlocal

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section The JCL Member

The following is the JCL member (CBLRMPJ1.jcl) required to run this batch job on an IBM Mainframe System with ZOS or a Windows System with Micro Focus Enterprise Server. The JOB and DD statements will need to be modified for unique mainframe requirements.

//CBLRMPJ1 JOB SIMOTIME,ACCOUNT,CLASS=1,MSGCLASS=0,NOTIFY=CSIP1,
//             COND=(0,LT)
//* *******************************************************************
//*       CBLRMPJ1.JCL - a JCL Member for Batch Job Processing        *
//*       This JCL Member is provided by SimoTime Technologies        *
//*           (C) Copyright 1987-2017 All Rights Reserved             *
//*             Web Site URL:   http://www.simotime.com               *
//*                   e-mail:   helpdesk@simotime.com                 *
//* *******************************************************************
//*
//* Text   - COBOL calls COBOL for parsing of a data buffer.
//* Author - SimoTime Technologies
//* Date   - January 01, 1989
//*
//* This set of programs illustrates the use of COBOL for parsing
//* a data string or field.
//*
//* This routine uses reference modification to identify the
//* position of the first significant character after the
//* delimiter character. This approach compensates for multiple
//* leading or embedded delimiter characters.
//*
//* For example, if the delimiter character is a space then
//* leading spaces will be ignored and multiple, embedded spaces
//* will be treated as a single space.
//*
//* This set of programs will run on a mainframe under MVS or on a
//* Personal Computer with Windows and Micro Focus Mainframe Express.
//*
//*   ************
//*   * CBLRMPJ1 *
//*   ********jcl*
//*        *
//*        *
//*   ************     ************
//*   * CBLRMPC1 *-----* DISPLAY  *
//*   ********cbl*     ************
//*        *   *
//*        *   *       ************
//*        *   *-CALL--* SIMOPARS *
//*        *           ********cbl*
//*        *
//*   ************
//*   *   EOJ    *
//*   ************
//*
//* *******************************************************************
//* Step 1 of 1, This is a single step job.
//*
//CBLRMPX1 EXEC PGM=CBLRMPC1
//STEPLIB  DD  DSN=SIMOTIME.DEMO.LOADLIB1,DISP=SHR
//SYSOUT   DD  SYSOUT=*
//*

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section The COBOL Demonstration Program

This program (CBLRMPC1.cbl) was written to test and demonstrate the calling of a COBOL program (SIMOPARS.cbl) that does the parsing of a field or data string.

       IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
       PROGRAM-ID.    CBLRMPC1.
       AUTHOR.        SIMOTIME TECHNOLOGIES.
      *****************************************************************
      * Copyright (C) 1987-2017 SimoTime Technologies.                *
      *                                                               *
      * All rights reserved.  Unpublished, all rights reserved under  *
      * copyright law and international treaty.  Use of a copyright   *
      * notice is precautionary only and does not imply publication   *
      * or disclosure.                                                *
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      * Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software  *
      * for any non-commercial purpose and without fee is hereby      *
      * granted, provided the SimoTime copyright notice appear on all *
      * copies of the software. The SimoTime name or Logo may not be  *
      * used in any advertising or publicity pertaining to the use    *
      * of the software without the written permission of SimoTime    *
      * Technologies.                                                 *
      *                                                               *
      * Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software  *
      * for any commercial purpose requires a fee to be paid to       *
      * SimoTime Technologies. Once the fee is received by SimoTime   *
      * the latest version of the software will be delivered and a    *
      * license will be granted for use within an enterprise,         *
      * provided the SimoTime copyright notice appear on all copies   *
      * of the software. The SimoTime name or Logo may not be used    *
      * in any advertising or publicity pertaining to the use of the  *
      * software without the written permission of SimoTime           *
      * Technologies.                                                 *
      *                                                               *
      * SimoTime Technologies makes no warranty or representations    *
      * about the suitability of the software for any purpose. It is  *
      * provided "AS IS" without any expressed or implied warranty,   *
      * including the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness  *
      * for a particular purpose and non-infringement. SimoTime       *
      * Technologies shall not be liable for any direct, indirect,    *
      * special or consequential damages resulting from the loss of   *
      * use, data or projects, whether in an action of contract or    *
      * tort, arising out of or in connection with the use or         *
      * performance of this software                                  *
      *                                                               *
      * SimoTime Technologies                                         *
      * 15 Carnoustie Drive                                           *
      * Novato, CA 94949-5849                                         *
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      * RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND                                      *
      * Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject  *
      * to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph (c)(1)(ii) of    *
      * the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at  *
      * DFARS 52.227-7013 or subparagraphs (c)(1) and (2) of          *
      * Commercial  Computer Software - Restricted Rights  at 48      *
      * CFR 52.227-19, as applicable.  Contact SimoTime Technologies, *
      * 15 Carnoustie Drive, Novato, CA 94949-5849.                   *
      *                                                               *
      *****************************************************************
      *      This program is provided by SimoTime Technologies        *
      *        Our e-mail address is: helpdesk@simotime.com           *
      *     Also, visit our Web Site at http://www.simotime.com       *
      *                                                               *
      *****************************************************************
      *
      *****************************************************************
      * Source Member: CBLRMPC1.CBL
      * Copy Files     PASSPARS.CPY
      * Calls to:      SIMOPARS
      *****************************************************************
      *
      * CBLRMPC1 - Call SIMOPARS to parse the buffer.
      *
      * CALLING PROTOCOL
      * ----------------
      * Use standard procedure to EXECUTE, RUN or ANIMATE.
      *
      * DESCRIPTION
      * -----------
      * This is a demonstration program to show how to call the
      * COBOL Parsing Routine Routine.
      *
      *          ************
      *          * CBLRMPJ1 *
      *          ********jcl*
      *               *
      *               *
      *          ************     ************
      *          * CBLRMPC1 *-----* CONSOLE  *
      *          ********cbl*     ******dsply*
      *               *
      *               *
      *          ************
      *          * SIMOPARS *
      *          ********cbl*
      *
      *****************************************************************
      *
      * MAINTENANCE
      * -----------
      * 1989/02/27 Simmons, Created program.
      * 1997/03/17 Simmons, Updated for COBOL/2.
      * 2002/09/23 Simmons, Added function to create a new field with
      *            leading spaces removed and embedded, multiple spaces
      *            reduced to a single space.  The length of the output
      *            text string is also calculated.
      *
      *****************************************************************
      *
       ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
       DATA DIVISION.
       WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
      *****************************************************************
      *    Data-structure for Title and Copyright...
      *    ------------------------------------------------------------
       01  SIM-TITLE.
           05  T1 pic X(11) value '* CBLRMPC1 '.
           05  T2 pic X(34) value 'COBOL Parse a Data String         '.
           05  T3 pic X(10) value ' v03.12.02'.
           05  T4 pic X(24) value ' http://www.simotime.com'.
       01  SIM-COPYRIGHT.
           05  C1 pic X(11) value '* CBLRMPC1 '.
           05  C2 pic X(20) value 'Copyright 1987-2017 '.
           05  C3 pic X(28) value '   SimoTime Technologies    '.
           05  C4 pic X(20) value ' All Rights Reserved'.

       01  SIM-THANKS-01.
           05  C1 pic X(11) value '* CBLRMPC1 '.
           05  C2 pic X(32) value 'Thank you for using this program'.
           05  C3 pic X(32) value ' provided from SimoTime Technolo'.
           05  C4 pic X(04) value 'gies'.

       01  SIM-THANKS-02.
           05  C1 pic X(11) value '* CBLRMPC1 '.
           05  C2 pic X(32) value 'Please send all inquires or sugg'.
           05  C3 pic X(32) value 'estions to the helpdesk@simotime'.
           05  C4 pic X(04) value '.com'.

      *****************************************************************
      *    Buffer used for posting messages to the console.
      *    ------------------------------------------------------------
       01  MESSAGE-BUFFER.
           05  MESSAGE-HEADER      pic X(11)   value '* CBLRMPC1 '.
           05  MESSAGE-TEXT        pic X(245).

      *****************************************************************
      *    Work fields used for testing call to SIMOPARS.
      *    ------------------------------------------------------------

       01  IX-1                    pic 9999 value 0.
       01  IX-2                    pic 9999 value 0.

      *    Simple parsing task...
       01  TASK-01-DATA.
           05  filler pic X(30) value 'This is a simple text string  '.

      *    Used to parse using a slash (/) as the delimiter...
       01  TASK-02-DATA.
           05  filler pic X(10) value '01/24/2001'.
           05  filler pic X(5)  value is SPACES.

      *    Used to parse and handle the leading and/or embedded
      *    SPACE or multiple SPACES...
       01  TASK-03-DATA.
           05  filler pic X(07) value is SPACES.
           05  filler pic X(30) value 'Text   String with leading    '.
           05  filler pic X(30) value 'and multiple   embedded       '.
           05  filler pic X(05) value is SPACES.
           05  filler pic X(20) value 'SPACE   characters  '.

      *    Parse a larger data string...
       01  TASK-04-DATA.
           05  filler pic X(30) value '  The quick brown fox jumped  '.
           05  filler pic X(30) value 'over the lazy dogs back. Now  '.
           05  filler pic X(30) value 'is the time for all good men  '.
           05  filler pic X(30) value 'and women to come to the aid  '.
           05  filler pic X(30) value 'of the party.                 '.
           05  filler pic X(30) value 'We have crossed the bridge and'.
           05  filler pic X(30) value '   we are pushing the envelope'.
           05  filler pic X(30) value ' to the   top of the   hill.  '.

       01  DATA-256        pic X(256)  value SPACES.
       01  WORK-256        pic X(256)  value SPACES.
       01  DATA-256-MESSAGE.
           05  filler  pic X(29) value 'Length of the output text is '.
           05  DATA-256-LENGTH   pic 9(4)    value 0.

       01  LAST-BYTE-BUFFER.
           05  filler      pic X(25) value 'Last significant byte is '.
           05  LAST-BYTE   pic 9(4)  value 0.

       COPY PASSPARS.
      *****************************************************************
       PROCEDURE DIVISION.

           perform Z-POST-COPYRIGHT.

      *!   Do a simple parsing to identify the position and size
      *!   of words within an alphameric field.
           perform SAMPLE-TASK-01.

      *!   Do a simple parsing to identify the position and size
      *!   of the mm, dd and ccyy within a date field.
           perform SAMPLE-TASK-02.

      *!   Do the parsing to identify the position and size of the
      *!   words within an alphameric field. Also, create a new
      *!   field with the leading spaces removed and the embedded,
      *!   multiple spaces reduced to a single space.
           perform SAMPLE-TASK-03.

      *!   Do the parsing to identify the position and size of the
      *!   words within an alphameric field. Also, create a new
      *!   field with the leading spaces removed and the embedded,
      *!   multiple spaces reduced to a single space. This is similar
      *!   to the preceding sample but parses a larger field.
           perform SAMPLE-TASK-04.

           perform Z-THANK-YOU.

           GOBACK.

      *****************************************************************
      * Scan a data string and identify the starting position and
      * length of each keyword in the string, The delimiter used for
      * this task is a space character.
      *****************************************************************
       SAMPLE-TASK-01.
      *!   Display the start-of-task message.
           move 'SAMPLE-TASK-01 is STARTING...' to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Display the input buffer.
           move TASK-01-DATA to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Prepare control items for parsing.
           move '0' to PRS-REQUEST
           add 9 to ZERO giving PRS-STATUS
           move ' ' to PRS-DELIMITER
      *    move 'N' to PRS-TERMINATOR-FLAG
           move ' ' to PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE
           add 32 to ZERO giving PRS-TABLE-MAX
           add 128 to ZERO giving PRS-BUFFER-SIZE
      *!   Move the data string to the parsing buffer and call
      *!   the parsing routine.
           move TASK-01-DATA to    PRS-BUFFER
           call 'SIMOPARS'   using PRS-PARAMETERS
      *!   Display the contents of the parsing tables.
           add 1 to ZERO giving IX-1
           perform until PRS-SIZE(IX-1) = 0
                      or PRS-POSITION(IX-1) = 0
                      or IX-1       > PRS-TABLE-MAX
               perform Z-POST-TABLE-ITEM
               add 1 to IX-1
           end-perform
           perform Z-POST-LAST-SIGNIFICANT-BYTE
      *!   Display the end-of-task message.
           move 'SAMPLE-TASK-01 is COMPLETE...' to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
           exit.

      *****************************************************************
      * Scan a data string and identify the starting position and
      * length of each keyword in the string, The delimiter used for
      * this task is a slash (/) character.
      * This example also uses a space character to terminate the
      * parsing if the string.
      *****************************************************************
       SAMPLE-TASK-02.
      *!   Display the start-of-task message.
           move 'SAMPLE-TASK-02 is STARTING...' to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Display the input buffer.
           move TASK-02-DATA to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Prepare control items for parsing.
           move '0' to PRS-REQUEST
           add 9 to ZERO giving PRS-STATUS
           move '/' to PRS-DELIMITER
      *    move 'Y' to PRS-TERMINATOR-FLAG
           move ' ' to PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE
           add 32 to ZERO giving PRS-TABLE-MAX
           add 128 to ZERO giving PRS-BUFFER-SIZE
      *!   Move the data string to the parsing buffer and call
      *!   the parsing routine.
           move TASK-02-DATA to PRS-BUFFER
           call 'SIMOPARS'     using PRS-PARAMETERS
      *!   Display the contents of the parsing tables.
           add 1 to ZERO giving IX-1
           perform until PRS-SIZE(IX-1) = 0
                      or PRS-POSITION(IX-1) = 0
                      or IX-1             > PRS-TABLE-MAX
               perform Z-POST-TABLE-ITEM
               add 1 to IX-1
           end-perform
           perform Z-POST-LAST-SIGNIFICANT-BYTE
      *!   Display the end-of-task message.
           move 'SAMPLE-TASK-02 is COMPLETE...' to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
           exit.

      *****************************************************************
      * Scan a data string and identify the starting position and
      * length of each keyword in the string, The delimiter used for
      * this task is a space character.
      * The input data string in this task has leading and multiple,
      * embedded spaces.
      * The output data string has the leading spaces removed and the
      * embedded multiple spaces are replaced with a single space.
      *****************************************************************
       SAMPLE-TASK-03.
      *!   Display the start-of-task message.
           move 'SAMPLE-TASK-03 is STARTING...' to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Display the input buffer.
           move 'Input with leading and embedded, multiple spaces...'
             to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Display the input buffer.
           move TASK-03-DATA to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Prepare control items for parsing.
           move '0' to PRS-REQUEST
           add 9 to ZERO giving PRS-STATUS
           move ' ' to PRS-DELIMITER
      *    move 'N' to PRS-TERMINATOR-FLAG
           move ' ' to PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE
           add 32 to ZERO giving PRS-TABLE-MAX
           add 128 to ZERO giving PRS-BUFFER-SIZE
      *!   Move the data string to the parsing buffer and call
      *!   the parsing routine.
           move TASK-03-DATA to PRS-BUFFER
           call 'SIMOPARS'     using PRS-PARAMETERS
      *!   Display the contents of the parsing tables.
           add 1 to ZERO giving IX-1
           perform until PRS-SIZE(IX-1) = 0
                      or PRS-POSITION(IX-1) = 0
                      or IX-1       > PRS-TABLE-MAX
               perform Z-POST-TABLE-ITEM
               add 1 to IX-1
           end-perform
           perform Z-POST-LAST-SIGNIFICANT-BYTE
      *!   Create and display the output buffer.
           move 'Output w/o leading and embedded, multiple spaces...'
             to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
           move TASK-03-DATA to WORK-256
           perform SAMPLE-TASK-99
           move DATA-256-MESSAGE to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
           move DATA-256 to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Display the end-of-task message.
           move 'SAMPLE-TASK-03 is COMPLETE...' to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
           exit.

      *****************************************************************
      * Scan a data string and identify the starting position and
      * length of each keyword in the string, The delimiter used for
      * this task is a space character.
      * The input data string in this task has leading and multiple,
      * embedded spaces.
      * The output data string has the leading spaces removed and the
      * embedded multiple spaces are replaced with a single space.
      *****************************************************************
       SAMPLE-TASK-04.
      *!   Display the start-of-task message.
           move 'SAMPLE-TASK-04 is STARTING...' to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Display the input buffer.
           move 'Input with leading and embedded, multiple spaces...'
             to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Display the input buffer.
           move TASK-04-DATA to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Prepare control items for parsing.
           move '0' to PRS-REQUEST
           add 9 to ZERO giving PRS-STATUS
           move ' ' to PRS-DELIMITER
      *    move 'N' to PRS-TERMINATOR-FLAG
           move ' ' to PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE
           add 64 to ZERO giving PRS-TABLE-MAX
           add 240 to ZERO giving PRS-BUFFER-SIZE
      *!   Move the data string to the parsing buffer and call
      *!   the parsing routine.
           move TASK-04-DATA to PRS-BUFFER
           call 'SIMOPARS'     using PRS-PARAMETERS
      *!   Display the contents of the parsing tables.
           add 1 to ZERO giving IX-1
           perform until PRS-SIZE(IX-1) = 0
                      or PRS-POSITION(IX-1) = 0
                      or IX-1       > PRS-TABLE-MAX
               perform Z-POST-TABLE-ITEM
               add 1 to IX-1
           end-perform
           perform Z-POST-LAST-SIGNIFICANT-BYTE
           move TASK-04-DATA to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Create and display the output buffer.
           move 'Output w/o leading and embedded, multiple spaces...'
             to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
           move SPACES       to WORK-256
           move TASK-04-DATA to WORK-256
           perform SAMPLE-TASK-99
           move DATA-256-MESSAGE to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
           move DATA-256-MESSAGE to MESSAGE-TEXT
           move DATA-256 to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
      *!   Display the end-of-task message.
           move 'SAMPLE-TASK-04 is COMPLETE...' to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
           exit.

      *****************************************************************
      * Build a new string with a single space between words and
      * remove the leading spaces.
      *****************************************************************
       SAMPLE-TASK-99.
           add 1 to ZERO giving IX-1
           add 1 to ZERO giving IX-2
           move SPACES to DATA-256
           perform until PRS-SIZE(IX-1) = 0
                      or PRS-POSITION(IX-1) = 0
                      or IX-1       > PRS-TABLE-MAX
               move WORK-256(PRS-POSITION(IX-1):PRS-SIZE(IX-1))
                 to DATA-256(IX-2:PRS-SIZE(IX-1))
               add PRS-SIZE(IX-1) to IX-2
               add 1 to IX-2
               add 1 to IX-1
           end-perform
           if  IX-2 > 1
               subtract 2 from IX-2 giving DATA-256-LENGTH
           else
               add 1 to ZERO giving DATA-256-LENGTH
           end-if

           exit.

      *****************************************************************
       Z-POST-COPYRIGHT.
           display SIM-TITLE
           display SIM-COPYRIGHT
           exit.

       Z-POST-LAST-SIGNIFICANT-BYTE.
           add PRS-LAST-SIG-BYTE to ZERO giving LAST-BYTE
           move LAST-BYTE-BUFFER to MESSAGE-TEXT
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
           exit.

       Z-POST-MESSAGE.
           if  MESSAGE-BUFFER(80:177) = SPACES
               display MESSAGE-BUFFER(1:79)
               move SPACES to MESSAGE-TEXT
           else
               display MESSAGE-BUFFER
               move SPACES to MESSAGE-TEXT
           end-if
           exit.

       Z-POST-TABLE-ITEM.
           move 'Item-nnnn, Position-nnnn, Size-nnnn, Parameter - '
             to MESSAGE-TEXT(1:49)
           move IX-1 to MESSAGE-TEXT(6:4)
           move PRS-POSITION(IX-1) to MESSAGE-TEXT(21:4)
           move PRS-SIZE(IX-1) to MESSAGE-TEXT(32:4)
           if  PRS-SIZE(IX-1) < 20
               move PRS-BUFFER(PRS-POSITION(IX-1):PRS-SIZE(IX-1))
                 to MESSAGE-TEXT(50:PRS-SIZE(IX-1))
           else
               move PRS-BUFFER(PRS-POSITION(IX-1):19)
                 to MESSAGE-TEXT(50:19)
           end-if
           perform Z-POST-MESSAGE
           exit.

      *****************************************************************
       Z-THANK-YOU.
           display SIM-THANKS-01
           display SIM-THANKS-02
           exit.
      *****************************************************************
      *      This example is provided by SimoTime Technologies        *
      *        Our e-mail address is: helpdesk@simotime.com           *
      *     Also, visit our Web Site at http://www.simotime.com       *
      *****************************************************************

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section The COBOL Parsing Routine

This program (SIMOPARS.cbl) was written to provide parsing capability of a data string. It uses "Reference Modification" to scan the data string.

This program provide very little visual information when it is executed on the mainframe. The real value of this program is observed when it is animated using Mainframe Express provided by Micro Focus. It is possible to watch the actual execution of each individual instruction and to immediately see the results.

       IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.
       PROGRAM-ID.    SIMOPARS.
       AUTHOR.        SIMOTIME TECHNOLOGIES.
      *****************************************************************
      * Copyright (C) 1987-2017 SimoTime Technologies.                *
      *                                                               *
      * All rights reserved.  Unpublished, all rights reserved under  *
      * copyright law and international treaty.  Use of a copyright   *
      * notice is precautionary only and does not imply publication   *
      * or disclosure.                                                *
      *                                                               *
      * Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software  *
      * for any non-commercial purpose and without fee is hereby      *
      * granted, provided the SimoTime copyright notice appear on all *
      * copies of the software. The SimoTime name or Logo may not be  *
      * used in any advertising or publicity pertaining to the use    *
      * of the software without the written permission of SimoTime    *
      * Technologies.                                                 *
      *                                                               *
      * Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software  *
      * for any commercial purpose requires a fee to be paid to       *
      * SimoTime Technologies. Once the fee is received by SimoTime   *
      * the latest version of the software will be delivered and a    *
      * license will be granted for use within an enterprise,         *
      * provided the SimoTime copyright notice appear on all copies   *
      * of the software. The SimoTime name or Logo may not be used    *
      * in any advertising or publicity pertaining to the use of the  *
      * software without the written permission of SimoTime           *
      * Technologies.                                                 *
      *                                                               *
      * SimoTime Technologies makes no warranty or representations    *
      * about the suitability of the software for any purpose. It is  *
      * provided "AS IS" without any expressed or implied warranty,   *
      * including the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness  *
      * for a particular purpose and non-infringement. SimoTime       *
      * Technologies shall not be liable for any direct, indirect,    *
      * special or consequential damages resulting from the loss of   *
      * use, data or projects, whether in an action of contract or    *
      * tort, arising out of or in connection with the use or         *
      * performance of this software                                  *
      *                                                               *
      * SimoTime Technologies                                         *
      * 15 Carnoustie Drive                                           *
      * Novato, CA 94949-5849                                         *
      * 415.883.6565                                                  *
      *                                                               *
      * RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND                                      *
      * Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject  *
      * to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph (c)(1)(ii) of    *
      * the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at  *
      * DFARS 52.227-7013 or subparagraphs (c)(1) and (2) of          *
      * Commercial  Computer Software - Restricted Rights  at 48      *
      * CFR 52.227-19, as applicable.  Contact SimoTime Technologies, *
      * 15 Carnoustie Drive, Novato, CA 94949-5849.                   *
      *                                                               *
      *****************************************************************
      *      This program is provided by SimoTime Technologies        *
      *        Our e-mail address is: helpdesk@simotime.com           *
      *     Also, visit our Web Site at http://www.simotime.com       *
      *                                                               *
      *****************************************************************
      *
      *****************************************************************
      * Source Member: SIMOPARS.CBL
      * Copy Files     PASSPARS.CPY
      *****************************************************************
      *
      * SIMOPARS - Parse Buffer defined in pass area.
      *
      * CALLING PROTOCOL
      * ----------------
      * call 'SIMOPARS' using PRS-PARAMETERS
      *
      *    01  PRS-PARAMETERS.
      *        05  PRS-REQUEST          PIC X       VALUE '0'.
      *        05  PRS-STATUS           PIC 9(4).
      *        05  PRS-DELIMITER        PIC X       VALUE SPACE.
      *        05  PRS-KEEP-NULL-FIELDS PIC X       VALUE 'N'.
      *        05  PRS-SUSPEND          PIC X       VALUE 'N'.
      *        05  PRS-SUSPEND-BYTE     PIC X       VALUE SPACE.
      *        05  PRS-TERMINATOR       PIC X       VALUE 'N'.
      *        05  PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE  PIC X       VALUE SPACE.
      *        05  PRS-BUFFER-SIZE      PIC 9(4)    VALUE 2048.
      *        05  PRS-BUFFER           PIC X(2048).
      *        05  PRS-TABLE-MAX        PIC 9(4)    VALUE 128.
      *        05  PRS-NUMBER-OF-ITEMS  PIC 9(4)    VALUE 0.
      *        05  PRS-LAST-SIG-BYTE    PIC 9(4)    VALUE 0.
      *        05  PRS-POSITION         OCCURS 128 TIMES
      *                                 PIC 9(4)    VALUE 0.
      *        05  PRS-SIZE             OCCURS 128 TIMES
      *
      * This routine uses reference modification to identify the
      * position of the first significant character after the
      * delimiter character. This approach compensates for multiple
      * leading or embedded delimiter characters. The string function
      * of COBOL does not handle leading spaces.
      *
      * For example, if the delimiter character is a space then
      * leading spaces will be ignored and multiple, embedded spaces
      * will be treated as a single space.
      *
      * MAINTENANCE
      * -----------
      * 1998/01/02 Simmons, CREATED PROGRAM.
      * 1998/01/02 Simmons, No changes to date...
      *
      *****************************************************************
      *
       ENVIRONMENT DIVISION.
       DATA DIVISION.
       WORKING-STORAGE SECTION.
      *****************************************************************
      * Data-structure for Program use...                             *
      *****************************************************************
       01  I-PTR               pic 9(4)    value 0.
       01  O-PTR               pic 9(4)    value 0.
       01  B-COUNT             pic 9(4)    value 0.

      *****************************************************************
      * Message Buffer used by the Z-DISPLAY-MESSAGE-TEXT routine.    *
      *****************************************************************
       01  MESSAGE-BUFFER.
           05  MESSAGE-HEADER      pic X(11)   value '* SIMOPARS '.
           05  MESSAGE-TEXT.
               10  MESSAGE-TEXT-1  pic X(68)   value SPACES.
               10  MESSAGE-TEXT-2  pic X(188)  value SPACES.

      *****************************************************************
       LINKAGE SECTION.
       COPY PASSPARS.

      *****************************************************************
       PROCEDURE DIVISION using PRS-PARAMETERS.
           if  PRS-REQUEST not = '2'
               perform EDIT-LINKAGE-ITEMS
           end-if

           add      8 to   ZERO giving RETURN-CODE
           add      9 to   ZERO giving PRS-STATUS
           move ZERO to PRS-NUMBER-OF-ITEMS
           evaluate PRS-REQUEST
             when '0'   perform PARSE-BUFFER
             when '1'   perform INITIALIZE-TABLE-ELEMENTS
             when '2'   perform INITIALIZE-DEFAULT-VALUES
             when OTHER add 12 to ZERO giving PRS-STATUS
           end-evaluate

           if  PRS-STATUS = 9
               subtract PRS-STATUS from PRS-STATUS
           end-if

           GOBACK.

      *****************************************************************
       EDIT-LINKAGE-ITEMS.
           if  PRS-TABLE-MAX not numeric
               add 128 to ZERO giving PRS-TABLE-MAX
               move 'PRS-TABLE-MAX set to 128' to MESSAGE-TEXT
               perform Z-DISPLAY-MESSAGE-TEXT
           end-if
           if  PRS-TABLE-MAX > 128
               add 128 to ZERO giving PRS-TABLE-MAX
               move 'PRS-TABLE-MAX set to 128' to MESSAGE-TEXT
               perform Z-DISPLAY-MESSAGE-TEXT
           end-if

           if  PRS-BUFFER-SIZE not numeric
               add 2048 to ZERO giving PRS-BUFFER-SIZE
               move 'PRS-BUFFER-SIZE set to 2048' to MESSAGE-TEXT
               perform Z-DISPLAY-MESSAGE-TEXT
           end-if
           if  PRS-BUFFER-SIZE > 2048
               add 2048 to ZERO giving PRS-BUFFER-SIZE
               move 'PRS-BUFFER-SIZE set to 2048' to MESSAGE-TEXT
               perform Z-DISPLAY-MESSAGE-TEXT
           end-if

           exit.

      *****************************************************************
       INITIALIZE-DEFAULT-VALUES.
           move ',' to PRS-DELIMITER
           move 'Y' to PRS-SPACE-TRUNCATION
           move 'Y' to PRS-KEEP-NULL-FIELDS
           add 128 to ZERO giving PRS-TABLE-MAX
           add 2048 to ZERO giving PRS-BUFFER-SIZE
           perform INITIALIZE-TABLE-ELEMENTS
           move '0' to PRS-REQUEST
           move ZERO to PRS-STATUS
           move ZERO to PRS-NUMBER-OF-ITEMS
           move ZERO to PRS-LAST-SIG-BYTE
           exit.

      *****************************************************************
       INITIALIZE-TABLE-ELEMENTS.
           move 1 to I-PTR
           move 1 to O-PTR
           perform until O-PTR > PRS-TABLE-MAX
               move 0 to PRS-POSITION(O-PTR)
               move 0 to PRS-SIZE(O-PTR)
               add  1 to O-PTR
           end-perform
           subtract RETURN-CODE from RETURN-CODE
           exit.

      *****************************************************************
       PARSE-BUFFER.
      *!   Initialize Offset/Length tables to zero (0).
           perform INITIALIZE-TABLE-ELEMENTS
           move ZERO to PRS-LAST-SIG-BYTE
      *!   Parse the Buffer.
           add 1 to ZERO giving O-PTR
           perform until I-PTR > PRS-BUFFER-SIZE
             perform PARSE-BUFFER-10
           end-perform

      *    Wrap-up the parse of this buffer...
           if  PRS-LAST-SIG-BYTE > 0
           and PRS-BUFFER(PRS-LAST-SIG-BYTE:1) not = PRS-DELIMITER
               add 1 to PRS-NUMBER-OF-ITEMS
           end-if

           if  PRS-POSITION(O-PTR) = 0
               subtract 1 from O-PTR
           end-if

           subtract RETURN-CODE from RETURN-CODE

           exit.
      *---------------------------------------------------------------*
       PARSE-BUFFER-10.
           if  PRS-BUFFER(I-PTR:1) not = SPACE
               add I-PTR to ZERO giving PRS-LAST-SIG-BYTE
           end-if

           if  PRS-BUFFER(I-PTR:1) = PRS-DELIMITER
               add 1 to B-COUNT
               if  PRS-KEEP-NULL-FIELDS = 'Y'
               or  B-COUNT = 1
               and PRS-SIZE(O-PTR) > 0
                   if  O-PTR < PRS-TABLE-MAX
                       add 1 to O-PTR
                       add 1 to PRS-NUMBER-OF-ITEMS
                   else
                       move PRS-BUFFER-SIZE to I-PTR
                   end-if
               end-if
           else
               subtract B-COUNT from B-COUNT
               add 1 to PRS-SIZE(O-PTR)
               if  PRS-SIZE(O-PTR) = 1
                   move I-PTR to PRS-POSITION(O-PTR)
               end-if
           end-if

           add 1 to I-PTR
           if  PRS-TERMINATOR = 'Y'
           and I-PTR  not > PRS-BUFFER-SIZE
           and PRS-BUFFER(I-PTR:1) = PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE
               if  PRS-SIZE(O-PTR) > 0
                   add 1 to PRS-NUMBER-OF-ITEMS
               end-if
               add PRS-BUFFER-SIZE to 1 giving I-PTR
           end-if

           exit.

      *****************************************************************
      * Display CONSOLE messages...                                   *
      *****************************************************************
       Z-DISPLAY-MESSAGE-TEXT.
           if  MESSAGE-TEXT-2 = SPACES
               display MESSAGE-BUFFER(1:79)
           else
               display MESSAGE-BUFFER
           end-if
           move all SPACES to MESSAGE-TEXT
           exit.

      *****************************************************************
      *      This example is provided by SimoTime Technologies        *
      *        Our e-mail address is: helpdesk@simotime.com           *
      *     Also, visit our Web Site at http://www.simotime.com       *
      *****************************************************************

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Copy File for the Pass Area

The following is the copy file (PASSPARS.cpy) used for the pass area when calling the parsing routine.

      *****************************************************************
      *     Data Structure or Pass Area used for calling SIMOPARS.    *
      *****************************************************************
      *         Copyright (C) 1987-2017 SimoTime Technologies         *
      *                     All Rights Reserved                       *
      *****************************************************************
      *              Provided by SimoTime Technologies                *
      *        Our e-mail address is: helpdesk@simotime.com           *
      *     Also, visit our Web Site at http://www.simotime.com       *
      *****************************************************************
      *                                                               *
      * PRS-REQUEST          Type of request, must be zero (0) for    *
      *                      parsing. This item is  provided by the   *
      *                      calling program and is not modified      *
      *                      by the parsing routine.                  *
      * PRS-STATUS           This is an indicator as to the success   *
      *                      or failure of the request. A value of    *
      *                      zero (0000) indicates the routine was    *
      *                      successful. A non-zero value indicates   *
      *                      a failure.                               *
      *                                                               *
      * ------------------------------------------------------------- *
      * The following fields are provided by the calling routine.     *
      *                                                               *
      * PRS-DELIMITER        This is a one byte character that is     *
      *                      used as a delimiter. This item is        *
      *                      provided by the calling program and      *
      *                      is not modified by the parsing routine.  *
      *                                                               *
      * PRS-KEEP-NULL-FIELDS This must be a Yes (Y) or No (N) value   *
      *                      (Y) will indicate a Yes, keep null field *
      *                      (N) will indicate a No and null fields   *
      *                      will be dropped.                         *
      * PRS-TERMINATOR       This must be a Yes (Y) or No (N) value   *
      *                      to indicate a character that will be     *
      *                      used for termination of the parsing.     *
      *                      If (Y) then the next parameter is used   *
      *                      as a termination character. If (N) the   *
      *                      buffer will be parsed according to the   *
      *                      size  of the buffer or maximum number    *
      *                      of table entries. This item is provided  *
      *                      by the calling program and is not        *
      *                      modified by the parsing routine.         *
      * PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE  If the previous parameter is (Y) this    *
      *                      byte will be used to terminate the       *
      *                      parsing when it is encountered in the    *
      *                      data string. This item is provided by    *
      *                      the calling program and is not modified  *
      *                      by the parsing routine.                  *
      *                                                               *
      * PRS-BUFFER-SIZE      The size of the data string to be        *
      *                      parsed and must be a value of 1-1024.    *
      *                      This item is provided by the calling     *
      *                      program and is not  modified by the      *
      *                      parsing routine.                         *
      * PRS-BUFFER           This is the data string or field that    *
      *                      will be parsed. This item is provided    *
      *                      by the calling program and is not        *
      *                      modified by the parsing routine.         *
      *                                                               *
      * PRS-TABLE-MAX        The maximum number of table entries      *
      *                      available for the POSITION/SIZE values   *
      *                      of the words in the input buffer.        *
      *                      This item is provided by the calling     *
      *                      program and is not modified by the       *
      *                      parsing routine.                         *
      *                                                               *
      * ------------------------------------------------------------- *
      * The following fields are updated by the parsing routine.      *
      *                                                               *
      * PRS-NUMBER-OF-ITEMS  This is the number of keywords found     *
      *                      in the input data string. This item is   *
      *                      provided by the parsing routine.         *
      *                                                               *
      * PRS-LAST-SIG-BYTE    This is the position of the last         *
      *                      significant, non-delimiter byte. If the  *
      *                      PRS-TERMINATOR is "Y" this will be the   *
      *                      last significant byte before the         *
      *                      terminator byte.                         *
      *                                                               *
      * PRS-POSITION         This is a table of 64 elements of        *
      *                      4-bytes. The value is either zero (0)    *
      *                      or the position of a keyword within the  *
      *                      input data string. The first position    *
      *                      within the buffer is one (1).            *
      *                      This item is provided by the parsing     *
      *                      routine.                                 *
      * PRS-SIZE             This is a table of 64 elements of        *
      *                      4-bytes. The value is either zero (0)    *
      *                      or the size of a keyword within the      *
      *                      input data string. This item is provided *
      *                      by the parsing routine.                  *
      *                                                               *
      * ------------------------------------------------------------- *
      * NOTE...              The table element number is the number   *
      *                      of the word within the data buffer.      *
      *                      The data buffer is PRS-BUFFER.           *
      *                      For example, PRS-POSITION(1) would point *
      *                      to the position of the first character   *
      *                      of the first word in the data buffer     *
      *                      PRS-SIZE(1) would specify the number of  *
      *                      characters in the first word.            *
      *                                                               *
      *****************************************************************
       01  PRS-PARAMETERS.
           05  PRS-REQUEST          PIC X.
           05  PRS-STATUS           PIC 9(4).
      ***  Provided by the calling program...
           05  PRS-DELIMITER        PIC X.
           05  PRS-KEEP-NULL-FIELDS PIC X.
           05  PRS-TERMINATOR       PIC X.
           05  PRS-TERMINATOR-BYTE  PIC X.
           05  PRS-SPACE-TRUNCATION PIC X.

           05  PRS-BUFFER-SIZE      PIC 9(4).
           05  PRS-BUFFER           PIC X(2048).

           05  PRS-TABLE-MAX        PIC 9(4).

      ***  Updated by the parsing routine...
           05  PRS-NUMBER-OF-ITEMS  PIC 9(4).
           05  PRS-LAST-SIG-BYTE    PIC 9(4).
           05  PRS-POSITION         OCCURS 128 TIMES
                                    PIC 9(4).
           05  PRS-SIZE             OCCURS 128 TIMES
                                    PIC 9(4).
      ***  PASSPARS - End-of-Copy File - - - - - - - - - - - PASSPARS *
      *****************************************************************
      *

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Summary

This suite of programs will describe how to parse a data string using COBOL. This document may be used to assist as a tutorial for new programmers or as a quick reference for experienced programmers.

In the world of programming there are many ways to solve a problem. This document and the links to other documents are intended to provide a greater awareness of the Data Management and Application Processing alternatives.

The documentation and software were developed and tested on systems that are configured for a SimoTime environment based on the hardware, operating systems, user requirements and security requirements. Therefore, adjustments may be needed to execute the jobs and programs when transferred to a system of a different architecture or configuration.

SimoTime Services has experience in moving or sharing data or application processing across a variety of systems. For additional information about SimoTime Services or Technologies please send an e-mail to: helpdesk@simotime.com or call 415 883-6565. We appreciate hearing from you.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Software Agreement and Disclaimer

Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software, documentation or training material for any purpose requires a fee to be paid to SimoTime Technologies. Once the fee is received by SimoTime the latest version of the software, documentation or training material will be delivered and a license will be granted for use within an enterprise, provided the SimoTime copyright notice appear on all copies of the software. The SimoTime name or Logo may not be used in any advertising or publicity pertaining to the use of the software without the written permission of SimoTime Technologies.

SimoTime Technologies makes no warranty or representations about the suitability of the software, documentation or learning material for any purpose. It is provided "AS IS" without any expressed or implied warranty, including the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement. SimoTime Technologies shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, special or consequential damages resulting from the loss of use, data or projects, whether in an action of contract or tort, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of this software, documentation or training material.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Downloads and Links

This section includes links to documents with additional information that are beyond the scope and purpose of this document. The first group of documents may be available from a local system or via an internet connection, the second group of documents will require an internet connection.

Note: A SimoTime License is required for the items to be made available on a local system or server.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Current Server or Internet Access

The following links may be to the current server or to the Internet.

Link to Internet   Link to Server   Explore the COBOL Connection for more examples of COBOL programming techniques and sample code.

Link to Internet   Link to Server   Explore The ASCII and EBCDIC Translation Tables. These tables are provided for individuals that need to better understand the bit structures and differences of the encoding formats.

Link to Internet   Link to Server   Explore The File Status Return Codes to interpret the results of accessing VSAM data sets and/or QSAM files.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Internet Access Required

The following links will require an internet connect.

This suite of programs and documentation is available for download. Link to an Evaluation zPAK Option that includes the program members, documentation and control files.

A good place to start is The SimoTime Home Page for access to white papers, program examples and product information. This link requires an Internet Connection

Explore The Micro Focus Web Site for more information about products and services available from Micro Focus. This link requires an Internet Connection.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Glossary of Terms

Link to Internet   Link to Server   Explore the Glossary of Terms for a list of terms and definitions used in this suite of documents and white papers.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Comment or Feedback

This document was created and is copyrighted and maintained by SimoTime Technologies.

If you have any questions, suggestions, comments or feedback please call or send an e-mail to: helpdesk@simotime.com

We appreciate hearing from you.

Table of Contents Previous Section Next Section Company Overview

SimoTime Technologies was founded in 1987 and is a privately owned company. We specialize in the creation and deployment of business applications using new or existing technologies and services. We have a team of individuals that understand the broad range of technologies being used in today's environments. Our customers include small businesses using Internet technologies to corporations using very large mainframe systems.

Quite often, to reach larger markets or provide a higher level of service to existing customers it requires the newer Internet technologies to work in a complementary manner with existing corporate mainframe systems. We specialize in preparing applications and the associated data that are currently residing on a single platform to be distributed across a variety of platforms.

Preparing the application programs will require the transfer of source members that will be compiled and deployed on the target platform. The data will need to be transferred between the systems and may need to be converted and validated at various stages within the process. SimoTime has the technology, services and experience to assist in the application and data management tasks involved with doing business in a multi-system environment.

Whether you want to use the Internet to expand into new market segments or as a delivery vehicle for existing business functions simply give us a call or check the web site at http://www.simotime.com


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